(11)
What Is Disease?
31st August 2017
(2)
Types Of Hypertension
31st August 2017

(26)
Adrenaline Changes Your Blood Pressure

ADRENALINE, CORTISOL & NOREPINEPHRINE CAN CHANGE BLOOD PRESSURE

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Adrenaline, Epinephrine, Cortisol & Norepinephrine are all stress hormones that are needed for carrying out different functions to your body. It’s when things go wrong, and under certain circumstances, hormone levels can cause many problems to your body. More about each hormone is explained below.

The Adrenal Medulla

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For interest only

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Alpha receptors

Alpha Blockers

 

 

The illustration here uses diameter ‘A’ to illustrate the size of a healthy artery and, without any stimulation the artery remains the same during the day and night, however when Alpha Receptors which are located on the wall of the artery detect adrenaline, they reduce (constrict) the artery to a measurement illustrated by ‘B’ making it harder for blood to flow, this in turn increases blood pressure.
However, the arteries supplying blood to your skeletal muscles have Beta 2 receptors, when adrenaline is detected they dilate (open wider) substantially increasing measurement ‘A’, allowing more oxygenated blood to flow, the extra flow of rich oxygenated blood pumps up the muscles, making you stronger and allowing you to defend yourself or run away from danger.
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It’s well documented that adrenaline can give people super powers...there was an accident which trapped a boy under a car, a person following, saw the boy trapped, got out of his car and without thinking, started to lift the car, allowing the boy to be pulled out. The ability to lift these weights is the result of adrenaline in the bloodstream, providing extra blood and oxygen to the muscles. On this occasion, the guy was very fit, went to the gym, could lift around 400 pounds by comparison the world’s strongest man competition in 2018, was won by Hafthor Bjornson lifting 472 Kilograms, that’s 1040 pound. This is a “New World Record Raw Deadlift". The car, which the guy lifted off the injured boy was an Austin Mini which weighs around 2700 pounds, albeit he lifted just one corner. Under normal circumstances that would not be possible.

Super Human Feats

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These Super Human feats of strength have not been recognised by medical science, understanding all medical matters are carried out under strict conditions before any endorsement can be made. All these amazing feats of strength take place in less than a minute, making scientific data impossible.

Beta Receptors

 

 

Adrenaline during a planned operation

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The last thing in this section to mention is sugar metabolism, when adrenaline enters the bloodstream it also raises blood sugar, this in turn increases energy and strength. You wouldn’t have the same energy if your blood sugar is low.

Adrenaline during a planned operation

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Cortisol is a stress hormone; this hormone is released from the adrenal glands which are located on the top of each kidney. Its primary function is to control blood sugar, burn visceral and subcutaneous fat and protein. Cortisol also has an effect on blood pressure. (There will be more about visceral fat and subcutaneous fat in the members section later this year regarding obesity)
Unlike adrenaline which reacts almost immediately you become stressed, cortisol takes a few moments before cortisol levels rise and you feel the effects that help you manage stressful situations.

The reason for the delay in releasing cortisol is due to the pathway involving four different sections of the body. When a person is in a state of fear, stress, intense emotions, it’s the “Amygdala” in the temporal lobe, located at the bottom of the brain senses somethings wrong, (Fear Etc.) and sends a message to the “Hypothalamus” located near the amygdala, which has important function including the regulation of the bodies temperature, The message from the amygdala prompts the hypothalamus to release corticotrophin a hormone, this hormone prompts the pituitary gland, also located at the base of the brain to release another hormone called adrenocorticotropic which prompts the adrenal glands on top of each kidney to release cortisol.

The objective of this website

 
The objective of this website is to provide information explaining how important it is to keep a healthy body. Apart from the production of cortisol ultimately from the adrenal glands, the amygdala, hypothalamus, pituitary gland and adrenal glands also carry out many functions to ensure our bodies remain healthy. For those interested, if you hover over any of the above highlighted words, it will provide more information.

The elevated levels of cortisol in the blood stream are there to help the body cope with fear, danger, and survival. Provided action is taken by the person to combat the fear etc. the cortisol level in the bloodstream returns to normal.
However, when stress occurs daily, the levels of cortisol start to build up, especially if the person leads a sedentary life, it’s the continuous high levels of cortisol that wrecks the body, causing many problems, some of the side effects are listed below.
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Weight gain around the abdomen
  • Become depressed
  • Headaches
  • Osteoporosis (Bone Loss) this may cause fractures
  • Become irritable
  • A red flushed face
  • Bruise easily
  • Feel severely weak and fatigued
  • Frequently

What Is Norepinephrine?

 
Norepinephrine, also known as Noradrenaline? It’s another stress hormone released by the sympathetic nervous system, which is also part of the autonomic nervous system, in simple terms, both these systems in the brain ultimately cause hormones to be released by the adrenal glands to get the body ready to respond to threats, often referred to as “Fight or Flight” response. The release of this hormone is responsible for your heart rate to increase and have sweaty palms if your body senses danger. The side effects are similar to other stress hormones detailed above, adrenaline and cortisol, some are detailed below.

Norepinephrine is also used as a medicine, one condition is “Hypotension”. This is when a patient’s blood pressure has dropped to dangerously low life-threatening levels. Doctors inject norepinephrine into the patient’s vein, this causes blood vessels (arteries) to constrict (narrow) which increases blood pressure. Norepinephrine in this scenario is a “Life Saver” however, when people’s blood pressure is already high, norepinephrine can raise blood pressure even higher to possible dangerous, life threatening levels.
  • Again, blood pressure increases
  • Your heart rate increases
  • In turn you breathe faster
  • Your levels of blood sugar increase
  • Blood supply to skeletal muscles is increased
  • The pupils in the eyes widen

It is possible to have low levels of norepinephrine, when levels are low they can cause depression, low levels can be associated with dementia and ADHD and more. Symptoms of low norepinephrine are feeling anxious, moody, poor sleep, (see section 35), becoming overweight and obese, fibromyalgia which is a chronic condition causing extreme pain in the body, feeling tired and fatigued.

Stressful situations

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Stressful situations are hard to avoid, stressful situations in different ways, have existed since civilisation evolved, albeit circumstances have changed. Today we may be stressed because the washing machine not’s working, maybe in days past, people also suffered from stress, they had to wash their clothes by beating them on rocks in the stream!

Although there are many life-threatening conditions caused by stress, there are a number of ways where stress can be beneficial to your health, there are benefits for your brain and immune system, however, you need to get the balance right. Section 29 provides a lot of information, plus more about good stress will be written in section 33.

Any type of stress can raise your blood pressure

The reason for writing this section is to show how stress at work, looking after the children, in fact any type of stress can raise your blood pressure. However, when a single incident happens, say a car crash, the adrenaline rush causing high blood pressure that allows you to cope with the stress of the accident, normally returns your blood pressure to your normal levels in a short time.

The problem with high blood pressure starts when you lead a stressful life. with high levels of stress hormones adrenaline, cortisol or norepinephrine always present, which then leads on to blood pressure conditions, putting people at risk of potential health problems.
Within this members section there are many suggestions how you may be able to change your lifestyle, lower your blood pressure which in-turn, may increase your longevity, and improve the quality of your Life2Moro ®.

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