(1)
Facts About The Human Body
31st August 2017

(22)
Potassium

POTASSIUM

HOW DOES POTASSIUM DEFICIENCY AFFECT BLOOD PRESSURE & Life2Moro ® ?



POTASSIUM is a contributing factor to maintaining the correct function of your body’s tissues, organs and the trillions of cells that make up “The Building Blocks of Life” Plus one of the functions of Potassium is responsible for regulating blood pressure. What is the function of Potassium in our body? Potassium is an Electrolyte that conducts electricity in your body, working with Calcium, Chloride, Sodium and Magnesium. Potassium levels are important to maintain Heart functions, Skeletal structure and Muscle contraction, providing normal Digestive and Muscular functions.
However, it’s not “Black or White” to say Potassium will lower your blood pressure, let me try to explain! If you’re a person who leads a healthy life with a balanced diet you will probably have the correct levels of Potassium in your body. Although you may lead a healthy life with a good diet, you also may have high blood pressure and been told Potassium helps to lower blood pressure, so you decided to try Potassium Supplements. However, after a period of time you find that taking Potassium Supplements have not changed your blood pressure! The answer to this scenario may be due to your Potassium levels being correct, therefore taking Potassium would have no effect. The one thing you don’t want to do, is take a higher dose, this could possibly lead to an overdose.
I’m writing separate sections on Magnesium and Potassium as they both have a direct impact on blood pressure.
parallax background
 
POTASSIUM LEVELS have a direct effect how your nerves communicate with muscle cells within your digestive system, also affects the heart and all muscles. The Potassium in the same way as Magnesium is stored inside body cells including cells in bones. The corrects levels of Potassium in your body are maintained within an accepted range by the Endocrine System which is made up of many glands that release vital hormones into the bloodstream. Things go wrong when glands produce incorrect levels of hormones. Endocrine Disease is common, a Doctor would normally refer you to an Endocrinologist who is trained in problems with the Endocrine System. Some symptoms are feeling weak and fatigued.
 
AN OVERDOSE of Potassium, in normal circumstances, doesn’t normally happen overnight, it can take weeks, sometimes months for symptoms appear. I would mention there are different circumstances that may cause instant side effects, I’ll cover these later. Again, normally if there is too much Potassium in the body it is filtered out and excreted in urine, bowel movements and even through sweating. However, if the Kidneys are not functioning correctly then Potassium will be retained in the body possibly being a cause of an overdose.
Overdose symptoms can manifest with feelings of weakness in muscles, tingling and numbness in fingers and feet, sometimes feeling nauseous. Should you have any sensations you feel may be caused by too much Potassium in the body, a simple blood test by your Doctor or Health Professional should be carried out to check your Potassium levels.
Although Magnesium is considered safe to patients with Atrial Fibrillation, you must talk to your Doctor or Health Professional before taking any Magnesium Supplements, as there may be reasons they are not appropriate for some conditions.
HIGH LEVELS of Potassium are referred to as a condition called Hyperkalaemia when levels are too high. A blood test will provide your Doctor or Health Professional with information for discussion. An adults normal reading should be between 3.5 & 5.0 mEq/L milliequivalents of solvent per litre of solvent. This blood test is a measurement of compounds in biological fluids. Levels above the accepted range 5.1 mEq/L to 6 mEq/L may need to be lowered, your Doctor or Health Professional will discuss options with you.
LOW LEVELS of Potassium are referred to as a condition called Hypokalaemia when the level of Potassium is too low. Again, a blood test with show the levels of Potassium in your body. Low levels start at 3.4 mEq/L, however, should your Potassium level drop to around 2.6mEq/L then urgent medical attention is required, these levels can be life threatening.
 
HEART PROBLEMS can be caused by either high or low Potassium which affects electrical signalling and therefore the function of nerves and muscle cells, particularly the muscle that keeps your heart beating.
CAUSES OF LOW Potassium (Hypokalaemia) which may cause High Blood Pressure can be caused by a loss of Potassium through Kidneys that are not working correctly. The body normally regulates how much Potassium is kept in the body, however, when things go wrong, the regulatory system fails to notice the amount of Potassium being passed out through the kidneys, which is secreted in urine, this is the beginning of the body having low Potassium levels
SENIOR CITIZENS who are taking tablets for high blood pressure, may suffer with side effects of low Potassium.
Tablets such as Thiazide Diuretics which are used to treat High Blood Pressure and Oedema, can cause a low potassium.
Thiazide and other types of Diuretics, are also referred to as Water Pills, these are prescribed to people who have heart and liver conditions requiring treatment, also people suffering with high blood pressure.
These Diuretics dilate blood vessels which helps lower the blood pressure.
parallax background
Diuretics also excrete fluids from the body including Potassium by changing the way the kidneys regulate how much water and salt passes through the kidneys and in-turn excreting these fluids as urine. This action is then responsible for low levels of Potassium in your body referred to as Hypokalaemia. Some of the more common Diuretics are listed below.
 

HYPERALDOSTERONISM
Hyperaldosteronism, also aldosteronism, is a medical condition wherein too much aldosterone is produced by the adrenal glands, which can lead to lowered levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia) and increased hydrogen ion excretion (alkalosis).
i

parallax background
 
HYPERALDOSTERONISM can be another cause of low Potassium and cause blood pressure problems, it is linked to a Hormone in your body called Aldosterone which is a hormone released by the Adrenal Glands.
The function of Aldosterone is to tell the kidneys to reabsorb sodium so it doesn’t get excreted as urine. When things go wrong, such as liver failure, kidney disease and congestive heart failure it can cause overproduction of Aldosterone, which in-turn leads to retention of salt, loss of Potassium, fluid retention and may contribute to an elevated blood pressure. High levels in the blood can be checked by having an aldosterone level measured and a PRA test (Plasma Resin Activity).
ACE INHIBITORS may have an interaction with Potassium.
Should any of these medications be part of your regular medication, you should talk to your Doctor or Health Professional before making any changes. Although there may be interactions, it doesn’t necessarily apply to all people taking ACE Inhibitors.
parallax background
PLEASE NOTE: Should any of these medications be part of your regular medication, you should talk to your Doctor or Health Professional before making any changes. Although there may be interactions, it doesn’t necessarily apply to all people taking Beta Blockers.
There are some other medications that may interact with Magnesium, one of these are Corticosteroids which mimic hormones produced by the Adrenal Gland.
It’s also possible for Insulin, some laxatives and antacids may also interact with Magnesium, a chat with your Doctor to discuss if a test, for Magnesium levels is appropriate.

POOR DIET

POOR DIET in elderly people can also be a cause of low Potassium, some elderly people fail to maintain the correct nutrition through a daily diet leading low potassium levels.
Another cause is the Malabsorption Syndrome which basically stops the intestinal tract absorbing vitamins, minerals and nutrients into the bloodstream, this may be caused by disease, one being Coeliac which is a disease caused by certain foods that contain Gluten, which in-turn triggers a faulty immune response.
parallax background
 
MAINTAINING POTASSIUM levels with a good diet is an accepted way to ensure you have the correct way to ensure you don’t suffer with side effects when Potassium levels are low. As explained, it’s more likely people have low Potassium rather than high Potassium. Always check with your Doctor or Health Professional if you have any concerns. The good thing is that most foods contain Potassium, so unless you have a medical condition that causes high or low Potassium, you may get all the Potassium the body needs from the lists below.
Meats & FishVegetables
ChickenSpinach
Red MeatJacket Potatoes
SardinesChard
SalmonKale
HaddockBroccoli
TunaPeas
Farmed SalmonMushrooms
TroutBrussel Sprouts

FRUIT

parallax background
 
An average size Avocado can weigh around 180 grams, without the stone or skin it weighs around 100 grams of which there is around 475mg of Potassium.
 
A Banana per 100 grams has around 350mg of Potassium.
 
  • Avocado
  • Guavas
  • Bananas
  • Kiwi Fruit
  • Passion Fruit
  • Cantaloupe Melons
  • Apricots
  • Cherries
  • Grapes
  • Peaches
  • Oranges
  • Papaya
  • Mango
  • Plums
  • Strawberries
  • Blackberries and many more
All the Vegetables, Meat, Fish, Chicken and Fruit have varying amounts of Potassium, you can easily check Potassium content of each item listed above using a search engine.
THERE IS A WAY to get almost twice the amount of Potassium that’s in a Banana by drinking “Watermelon Water”.
parallax background
 
Just 12 Fluid Ounces contains around 750mg of Potassium.
Watermelons also contain many nutrients and antioxidants such as Vitamin C, also contains Lycopene which is also found in Tomatoes, Pink Grapefruit etc. Lycopene is also known for its anti-aging properties. Plus, there is a lot less sugar in Watermelon Water, worth checking out!
BOTTLED WATER is consumed daily by millions of people around the world, however, have you looked at the list of ingredients? I picked two bottles of water from well know suppliers, I’ve listed the ingredients below.
parallax background

STILL WATER

Calcium

55mg

Magnesium

19mg

Potassium

1mg

Sodium

24mg

Bicarbonate

248mg

Bicarbonate

248mg

Sulphate

13mg

Nitrate

0.1mg

CARBONATED SPRING WATER

Calcium

40mg

Magnesium

10mg

Potassium

0.7mg

Sodium

5.6mg

Bicarbonate

150mg

Chloride

6mg

Sulphate

5.3mg

Nitrate (NO3)

3.1mg

PLEASE NOTE: Many of the ingredients in bottled water occurs quite naturally in regular tap water. Companies that purify water for bottling put the ingredients back to provide taste. Although the salt content in bottled water is very small it all adds up to the 6 grams, being the recommended daily amount, too much salt may affect Blood Pressure. I’ve written more about Salt in section (9) under "Explore My Website".
POTASSIUM is used by Doctors and Hospitals for many different reasons. Should you read more about Potassium, you will see the following:

Potassium Salts, which include:

  • Potassium Phosphate
  • Potassium Gluconate
  • Potassium Citrate
  • Potassium Aspartate
  • Potassium Bicarbonate
  • Potassium Orotate
  • Potassium Chloride
 
All the references to Potassium above have many uses depending on specific conditions, for those who are interested, more information can be found on the Internet. My reference to Potassium is all connected to blood pressure. However, for information only I’ve referred to Potassium Chloride.
parallax background
 
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE is used to prevent or treat low levels of Potassium in the body. Causes of low Potassium can happen following an illness, prolonged sickness and diarrhoea and some medications.
However, very high doses of Potassium Chloride have serious consequences and can be life threatening. If too much Potassium is taken under normal situations, it’s very unlikely you will experience any side effects. Bananas have one of the highest concentrations of Potassium, however, you would need to eat around 450 Bananas in 60 minutes to give you an overdose! Normally excess Potassium is excreted with urine.
In totally different circumstances Potassium Chloride is used in some countries as a method of capital punishment. A large intravenous injection of Potassium Chloride paralyses the body’s central nervous system and stops the heart. Condemned Prisoners can ask for Potassium Chloride Non-Toxic injection, it enables their organs to be used for transplants. Unlike the electric chair and the gas chamber which leaves organs unusable.

Click the button below to explore more sections on the website