Facts About The Human Body
31st August 2017

Probiotics Prebiotics Antibiotics


What are Probiotics? They are live bacteria’s and yeasts that are good for your health. We usually think of bacteria as something that causes diseases. But your body is full of bacteria. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy. The root of the word probiotic comes from the Greek word “pro” meaning “promoting” and “biotic” meaning "life".

The discovery of probiotics came about in the early 20th century, when Elie Metchnikoff, also known as the "Father of Probiotics" had observed that rural dwellers in Bulgaria lived to very old ages despite extreme poverty and harsh climate. He theorized that health could be enhanced, and senility and dementia could be delayed by manipulating the intestinal micro-biome with host-friendly bacteria found in sour milk.



What are the benefits?

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What are the benefits? The strongest evidence to date finds that probiotic benefits include:
  • Boosting the immune system
  • Prevent and treat urinary tract infections
  • Improve digestive function
  • Heal inflammatory bowel conditions like IBS
  • Manage and prevent eczema in children
  • Fight food-borne illnesses

New studies are underway may soon prove that probiotics can:
  • Reduce flu and colds
  • Reduce overuse of antibiotics
  • Treat kidney stones
  • Treat colic
  • Prevent cavities and gum disease
  • Treat colitis and Cohn’s disease
  • Combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria
  • Treat liver disease
  • Battle cancer
  • Manage autism
  • Lower cholesterol
  • Fight bacteria that causes ulcers
  • Improve acne
  • Help lose weight
Probiotics are live bacteria that are good for health, especially digestive system. Probiotics are called "helpful" bacteria because they help keep our gut healthy.
Probiotics are “good” bacteria that help keep your digestive system healthy by controlling growth of harmful bacteria. This is achieved by decreasing the number of "bad" bacteria in your gut that can cause infections or inflammation and restoring the body's "good" versus "bad" bacterial balance, which then helps to keep your body functioning properly.
Research has shown that probiotics may have an effect on the activity of the immune cells that line the intestine for people with Ulcerative Colitis. This condition refers to an inflammation of the colon. It may also be associated with enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine), proctitis (inflammation of the rectum), or both. Symptoms of colitis may include: abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, loss of appetite, fatigue, bloody diarrhea and mucus in the stool.
What are Probiotic foods? They are foods that contain live and active bacterial cultures. Probiotic foods also have benefit to the process of fermentation. Probiotics are widely used to prepare fermented dairy products such as yogurt or freeze-dried cultures. During fermentation, carbohydrates in the food are broken down into acids by various kinds of probiotic bacteria and/or yeast.

Let’s now look at Prebiotics

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Prebiotics are fibres taken into the body’s digestive system, however unlike regular food, fibres can’t be absorbed or broken down into proteins, fats etc. Fibres are an important source of food for Probiotics.
Prebiotics are usually in the form of Oligosaccharides, which are complex Carbohydrates, they may occur naturally but can also be added as dietary supplements to foods, beverages, and infant formula. Chicory root is considered the richest natural source. Prebiotics are considered functional foods, so-called because they provide health benefits that go beyond basic nutrition. Although they are also available in supplement form, prebiotics occur naturally in many common foods with high fiber content.
Synbiotics are formed when probiotics and prebiotics are combined, fermented dairy products, such as yogurt and kefir, are considered synbiotic because they contain live bacteria and the fuel they need to thrive.
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders, covering normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, bile ducts and liver, pancreas and gallbladder, Gastroenterology is popularly known as the abbreviation (GI) which stands for gastrointestinal. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract include the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as heartburn, indigestion, also referred to as dyspepsia. Bloating and constipation are also common conditions.
Toxins can be produced by micro-organisms, such as bacteria and fungi. These toxins promote infection and disease by directly damaging host tissues and by disabling the immune system. Bacterial toxins are exotoxins and endotoxins. Endotoxins are cell-associated substances that are structural components of bacteria. Most endotoxins are in the cell envelope. Exotoxins are usually secreted by bacteria and act at a site removed from bacterial growth.
Food fibre is also known as roughage. It is the indigestible part of plant foods that pushes through our digestive system, absorbing water along the way and easing bowel movements. Fibre is of vital importance to digestion; it helps the body move food through the digestive tract, reduces serum cholesterol, and contributes to disease protection.
Probiotics are considered safe for healthy people, however, if they occur, side effects tend to be mild and digestive (such as gas or bloating). Probiotics might cause infections, especially in people with underlying health conditions, these may require treatment with antibiotics.
What are the benefits of probiotics. Probiotics are full of good live bacteria, Lactobacillus which is a type of bacteria, and possibly the most common, you’ll find lactobacillus in fermented foods and yogurts which help improve digestion and help build Immunity. Probiotics also help to lower blood pressure. When people take antibiotics to treat different conditions and fight infection, antibiotics can also kill the good bacteria in your gut. Probiotics can help replace them.
Probiotics may assist in lowering high blood pressure, as explained in other sections of this website, it’s a combination of more than one thing that will assist in lowering blood pressure, from the research I’ve carried out regarding probiotics, in my opinion taking probiotics is beneficial to a healthy lifestyle. Probiotics may assist to recolonize the gut if any of the conditions listed below are applicable in any way.

Acne Asthma Allergies Antibiotics Anxiety Autism Blood sugar imbalance Digestive problems Depression Eczema Feeling bloated Feeling tired Food poisoning Migraines Mood Swings Poor skin condition Very poor Immune system Weight & Obesity

You are what you eat

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You are what you eat is a term often mentioned, the term can be related to many subjects concerning food, however whatever thoughts people have about food, it all ultimately relates to the digestive system which starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. For interest only, I’ve detailed the journey food takes as it moves through the body, and what happens as you eat your favourite meal:








Let’s now look at some of the things that can upset the action and healthy working of our gut.
Antibiotics are drugs well known for treating a wide range of infections. The word “biotic” means “pertaining to life” Therefore medications known as antibiotic’s, factually mean anti-life.
However, the term probiotic factually means pro-life.
Antibiotics are lifesaving drugs that fight infection allowing people to recover from many serious conditions. Antibiotics work by killing off bacteria in parts of the human body.
Unfortunately, antibiotics cannot distinguish between good and bad bacteria, antibiotics kill bacteria in the gut and other parts of the human body.
Even just one course of antibiotics can change the bacteria in your gut, some research has shown the side effects of antibiotics in some patients can last up to five years. In most cases the balance of bacteria in the gut starts to return to some normality shortly after.
People taking a course of antibiotics may wish to consider taking probiotics before and after a course of antibiotics. Please note, science reports probiotics have a good safety record for healthy people. However, there have also been reports of serious reactions, including infections and other conditions. Before taking probiotics or supplements, a discussion with your doctor or health professional could avoid any unknown reactions.

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